Update May 2016
MHA is pleased that the 1850s warehouse at 222 Flinders Street and the Edwardian Cyclone Wire Factory on the corner of Swanston and Franklin were revealed as not being under threat of demolition.
With yesterday’s announcement by the state government of the acquisition of numerous properties to enable the construction of the Melbourne Metro Rail tunnel, it has become clear that a number of heritage-listed properties are likely under threat.
MHA is keeping a watchful eye on this situation, pending clarification of whether the plans will involve actual demolition work, and what scope those works might encompass. Documentation released by the government to date appears to indicate they would consider retention of existing structures where it were deemed feasible. We will keep everyone updated on developments.
222 Flinders Street
Probably most prominent amongst the threatened sites is the former warehouse building at 222 Flinders Street, directly next to Young and Jackson’s hotel.
The building dates to 1856 and its Statement of Significance states, “of the early stone warehouses in the city, this is among the most complete articulation of exposed stone and finishes at the earliest date.” In other words this is our third OLDEST (we have two others dating to 1854), relatively intact stone warehouse, and the building is worthy of preservation on that basis alone.
However, as the Statement continues, “it is also part of a valuable stone warehouse streetscape, built at the height of gold-led prosperity and evocative of the new transport mode (railway) which had begun to supersede the Yarra as the means of obtaining shipped goods.”
Read more about the building’s history HERE
Former Cyclone Woven Wire Fence Company/Gossards
The former factory buildings of the Cyclone Woven Wire Fence Company sit at the southeast corner of Franklin and Swanston Streets. The property actually sites two separate buildings, with that fronting onto Swanston likely most at risk.
The Franklin Street building is the older of the two, dating to 1906, becoming paired by construction of the new Swanston Street building in 1913. The lower of the two cornice lines seen in the image below was the original roofline, with the additional levels being added in 1914. These are in fact extremely well preserved and representative examples of Edwardian factory building style.
Cyclone was an important part of Melbourne’s early twentieth century industrial landscape. They actually began life as “The Bee-Keepers Supply Company” in 1877, but soon found much bigger markets for their licenced fencing products.
The designer of the buildings is not known, but the complex is reminiscent of factory design work by A & K Henderson in Collingwood and Clifton Hill.
By 1925, the Franklin Street building had become Gossards famous corsetry showroom, and an Art Deco stage / showroom from this period remains intact inside.
Port Phillip Arcade
The third property under threat is the Port Phillip Arcade. Designed by architect JFW Ballantyne, and built in 1961, it was sadly significantly altered inside in the 90s, but retains the key original checkerboard flooring and skylight features, as well as its mid-century facade featuring a central mosaic tiled spandrel with semi-figurative metal sculpture representing either King Neptune or Poseidon by renowned artist Charles Bush, whose work features prominently in the NGV permanent collection.
The name of the arcade goes back to the Port Phillip Club, established here in 1841 in a large house built in 1838, just three years after settlement. The name was retained when the club’s building became the Port Phillip Club Hotel in 1850, which gained a grand front in 1861, closing its doors in 1959, at the time the oldest pub in Melbourne.
The arcade is within a heritage precinct, and losing the building’s facade would negatively impact the Flinders St streetscape.